Construction and Validation of an Analytical Grid about Video Representations of Suicide (“MoVIES”)

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2019

Christophe Gauld (1)*, MarielleWathelet (2,3), François Medjkane (4,5), Nathalie Pauwels (3), Thierry Bougerol (1) and Charles-Edouard Notredame (3,5)

(1) CHU Grenoble Alpes, F-38000 Grenoble, France
(2) Department of Public Health, CHU Lille, F-59000 Lille, France
(3) Fédération de Recherche en Psychiatrie et Santé Mentale des Hauts-de-France, F-59000 Lille, France
(4) Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, CHU Lille, F-59000 Lille, France
(5) SCALab, CNRS, UMR 9193, F-59000 Lille, France
* Correspondence: chrisgauld@hotmail.fr; Tel.: +33-(0)337-8551-6497

The interference of video productions in public health issues occasionally arises in public debate (for example, as reported in press articles, such as in the New Yorker in May 2019: “Netflix and Suicide: The Disturbing Example of 13 Reasons Why”) [1], prompting scholars to seize the matter in terms of research and prevention. Along with violence [2], addiction [3], and public health in general [4], one of the most paradigmatic, tangible, and perhaps disturbing impacts of cinema and TV shows on people concerns suicidal behaviors [5–7]. Although initially described [8] and repeatedly demonstrated in the press media [9–11], the Werther E ect (WE) (i.e., the systematic increase of suicide rates following incautious media coverage of suicide news stories [12]) has been extended to television [13–15].

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