Etude recherche

Fardeau mondial des troubles mentaux chez les enfants de 5 à 14 ans

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JEUNESSE Anxiété, dépression, troubles du comportement... en quelques années, les troubles mentaux ont pris la première place sur le podium des maladies qui impactent la santé de nos enfants. Pour parvenir à cette conclusion, le Pr Bruno Falissard, pédopsychiatre et directeur du Centre de recherche en épidémiologie et santé des populations, a comparé les données de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS), qui évalue le nombre d'années en bonne santé perdues en raison d'une pathologie, entre 2000 et 2015.

Abstract

The global burden of disease (GBD) study provides information about fatal and non-fatal health outcomes around the world.

The objective of this work is to describe the burden of mental disorders among children aged 5–14 years in each of the six regions of the World Health Organisation. Data come from the GBD 2015 study. Outcomes: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) are the main indicator of GBD studies and are built from years of life lost (YLLs) and years of life lived with disability (YLDs).

Mental disorders are among the leading causes of YLDs and of DALYs in Europe and the Americas. Because of the importance of infectious diseases, mental disorders appear marginal in Africa for YLLs although they play an important role in YLDs there. Because the epidemiological transition that has taken place in Europe and the Americas (i.e., a switch from acute and infectious conditions to chronic and mental health issues) is likely to happen sooner or later across the entire planet, mental health problems in youth are likely to become one of the main public health challenges of the twenty-first century.
These results should improve health care if policy-makers use them to develop health policies to meet the real needs of populations (especially children) today.

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Lire l'article paru dans "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health"